Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when uterine tissue grows in an area outside the uterus. Some of these areas include: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, side walls of the pelvis, uterine cruciate ligaments, dead ends, Douglas fir, and rectal septum.
Endometriosis can also be found, but rarely in the bladder, brain, lungs, spine, and even on the skin. The cause of endometriosis is unknown. You can get more information about endometriosis symptoms via https://endometriosisassn.org/about-endometriosis/endometriosis-symptoms.
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However, some experts believe that during menstruation, some menstrual tissue flows back through the fallopian tubes, then implants and grows in the stomach. They also believe that it is either an immune system problem or a hormonal problem that allows this tissue to grow in women who develop endometriosis.
A common symptom of endometriosis is pain, which can sometimes be severe. This pain can occur during menstruation, or urination. Pain is usually in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or back.
Some of the other symptoms of endometriosis can include:
- Constipation or diarrhea (during menstruation)
- Bleeding from the rectum (during menstruation)
- Swelling of the stomach (during menstruation)
- Heavy or irregular bleeding
- Nausea or vomiting that gets worse before menstruation
- Painful bloating
Infertility is another common symptom of endometriosis. It is estimated that 30-40% of women with endometriosis have decreased fertility. Endometriosis can prevent ovulation and embryo implantation.
A woman with severe endometriosis can develop adhesions and scars, which can cause deformities in the woman's body. In extreme cases, internal organs in the pelvic area can stick together and cause a condition known as "frozen pelvis".